Methods Of Birth Control

There are so many options for birth control, but still, we are apprehensive about the apt birth control method and eventually, the process becomes discouraging. We must take consideration of the following factors before choosing a method of control, not only birth but also protect against STD. Some of the questions are; how important are convenience and cost? How effective it is? Only self-denial from intercourse is 100% effective, else all are not full-proof. Here below there are methods of birth control given:

 Types Of Birth Control Methods

Fertility Awareness – fertility awareness is popularly known as family planning, which is a straight forward birth control method, avoiding sex when the woman is most fertile. This is not a full-proof method where 25% of typical users get pregnant, but also avoid the after-effects of drugs, devices and with no cost. To understand the body function and fertility part, observe the changes in cervical mucus and body temperature. It is better to get consult a health professional before taking this method.

Spermicide – Spermicide is a form of jelly, foam, cream or film that is rubbed inside the vagina before intercourse. It has a chemical that destroys sperms. You can place it before 30 minutes, but the most common side effects of regular users are tissue irritation, increasing the risk of infections and not full-proof. It is cheap and easy to apply.

Male Condom – The most classic method to control birth. It is the most prevalent method for men, preventing sperms from travelling to a woman’s body. It is effective against STD and quite efficacious for birth control. Only 15% get pregnant in a year and widely available in the market.
 “Pulling out” out withdrawal before ejaculation is an age-old method to check birth control. Though it demands high will power and also technique. Recent reviews show that the correct way of withdrawal can cause only 4% of users to get pregnant in a year. The only thing it is hard to do correctly and it doesn’t protect from STDs.
Female Condom – Female condom contraceptive is similar to men but bigger and thin. It lines the vagina and can be placed in the area up to eight hours before intercourse. It is better than a male condom, as it conducts body heat and gives pleasure better than a male condom, and also protect against STDs. However, it is less effective and noisy. Male and female condoms are not advisable to use at the same time.

Diaphragm – It is a rubber dome that is worn over the cervix before copulation. Generally, it is used with a spermicide and more impelling than condoms. It has to be worn by a doctor and it has no protection against STDs.

Birth Control Sponge – Birth control sponge is not a very popular birth control methods. It is made of foam and contains spermicide and settled against the cervix up to 24 hours before sex. It doesn’t require a doctor for fitting. But it is difficult to be placed and doesn’t have any STD protection. Women can’t use this device during the period.

Birth Control Pill – Birth control pills are a classic method to check birth, having the hormones estrogen and progesterone to prevent ovulation. It is highly effective when taken on time, only 8% of women get pregnant, even who miss doses. These are less cramping and can be used at any time. However, it can’t protect against STD and cause many side effects such as breast tenderness, blood clots, and high blood pressure.

IUD – IUD is old contraceptive device, which is a T-shaped piece of plastic that is placed inside the uterus by a medical practitioner. The copper IUD works for as long as 12 years. However, the hormonal IUD must be renewed after 5 years. It is an effective device, though cause mild side effects.

Emergency Contraception – Emergency contraception has become a popular method to avoid pregnancy. It is a pill containing high level of hormone and must be used within 72 hours.

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